What really is GOITRE?
Goiter is a condition in which the thyroid gland grows larger. The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, below the Adam’s apple.
Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck. A goiter can be caused by a variety of factors and conditions, and treatment ranges from watchful waiting (no treatment) to surgery.
The thyroid gland produces the hormones thyroxine.
When the thyroid gland does not make enough hormones to meet the body’s needs. The thyroid gland tries to make up for this shortage by growing larger.
What causes goiter?
Goiters have different causes, depending on their type.
1. The natural cause: when the thyroid gland does not make enough hormones to meet the body’s needs, the thyroid gland tries to make up for this shortage by growing larger.
2. Lack of enough iodized salt in diet results to endemic goiters which occur in people in certain parts of the world.(iodine is necessary to make thyroid hormone). For instance, a lack of iodine in the diet is still a common problem in parts of central Asia and central Africa. Because iodine is added to table salt in the United States and other countries, this type of goiter usually does not occur in these countries.
3. Consuming excess lithium drugs use to treat certain mental health can result to sporadic goiters.
Other risk factors for goiter include the following:
Hereditary (inherited from family)
Age over 40
The endemic goiter is most prominent and associated with people who do not take enough iodized salt in their meals. I once had a friend who had this condition and the only way out was a careful watch before surgery. Although iodized salt can be used to treat early stage endemic goitre, but once the enlargement is visible, surgery becomes the only way out.
Most of the packaged salt we buy are usually refined and iodized. But people still buy the raw salt sold in cups. Anyway I believe ignorance has lead so many into undesirable states and conditions.
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